Attentional cue. Predictive central cues generate location-based expe...

Attentional bias to drug cues is a phenomenon whose ne

bottom-up attentional cue (Egeth & Yantis, 1997). If the dynamic nature of auditory input is responsible for auditory overshadowing, one would expect the increased dynamicity of the visual stimulus to attenuate auditory overshadowing, resulting in more thorough visual processing. In thisserved as the attentional cue in the external focus condition. It was in approximately the same loca-tion in which the hands, to which attention was directed in the internal focus condition, crossed during the turn. Procedure At the beginning of the experiment, participants watched a short video (5 times) of an expert gymnast performing the turn.First, a spatial-attention cue encouraged the use of either selective or divided attention by providing informative or uninformative instructions about the to-be-attended, and thus later-probed, ear.Fischer et al. discovered that non-informative central numerical cues induce attention shifts: In accordance with a spatially organized mental number line, small, and large numbers facilitated detection of targets in the left and right visual hemifields, respectively.Zanolie and Pecher (2014, henceforth Z&P) failed to observe this pattern in …The spatial cueing paradigm is a popular tool to investigate under what conditions irrelevant objects capture attention against the observer’s intention. In this paradigm, finding better visual search performance when the target appears at the location of an irrelevant cue is taken to indicate that this cue summoned attention to its location, before the search display appeared. Here, we ...In conclusion, symbolic attentional cues affect accuracy and RT in part via different cognitive and neural processes. While the effect of symbolic cueing on accuracy is likely explained by a single process (preparatory excitability increase), an additional, nonpreparatory, process likely underlies its effect on RT.Attentional focus in sport can be divided between external or internal dimensions. External focus cues direct a player's attention to the environment or the effects of their movements on the...Thus, the cue is less effective when it predicts distractors appearing closer to the target. A recent study reported that the cue was effective at reducing misdirection of the eyes to the distractor only when the target and distractor were in close spatial proximity, which seemed to be contrary to our behavioral results. We suggested that these ...An attention signal is an action completed by the teacher that is met with a reaction by the students. Perhaps the most basic of these call-and-responses is the often used: “1–2–3, eyes on me!” “1–2, eyes on you!”. Signals for classroom management can also be ways to begin a transition or communicate with each other during ...Current attention research has been heavily influenced by Posner's cueing paradigm, and associated theoretical models. In the basic effect (Posner et al. 1978), participants were cued with a central directional arrow towards a spatial location where a change in luminance (the 'detection stimulus') would later occur.The directional cues …Attentional. Nghe phát âm. / Phiên âm này đang chờ bạn hoàn thiện /. Bản mẫu:Phiên âm.a patient population known to have deficits in attention (Crawford et al., 2010), and that it can be generated by non-visual cues of attention (Shimojo, Miyauchi, & Hikosaka, 1997). These findings are consistent with predictions drawn from the attentional gradient explanation for flashILM (Hikosaka, Miyauchi, & Shimojo, 1993a, 1993b, 1993c)andJan 9, 2023 · In other words, the cue would become informative, giving participants a reason to attend to it. This kind of voluntary attentional allocation to the cue would inflate the amount of capture. An alternative approach to mixing set sizes would be to allow the salient cue to appear at any of the eight locations (even at Set Size 2). Aug 9, 2019 · Attentional focus, in the context of sport and exercise performance, refers to the process in which the athlete allocates mental resources to cues, stimuli, or states. Attentional focus is commonly classified along one or more dimensions. Nideffer proposed two dimensions of direction (internal or external) and width (broad or narrow). Specifically, the attentional bias emerged in favour of the previous best-predicting reward cue, would not be due to an associative link between cue and reward, but because during conditioning the more a cue was predictive of reward the more it was attended and responded to (Failing & Theeuwes, 2017a, 2017b; Sha & Jiang, 2016). However, if this ...The attentional network test (ANT) uses flanker stimuli with different cue conditions to quantify differences in attentional processing. However, it is unclear precisely how the alerting and orienting cues in the task affect different decision processes.Getting kids to pay attention is hard enough. But thanks to today’s technological advances, it can become an Getting kids to pay attention is hard enough. But thanks to today’s technological advances, it can become an even bigger challenge....Jul 6, 2018 · While this would not be a unique property of social cues – similar effects were reported by Galfano et al. 21 with arrow cues – the origins of such persistent attentional shifts nonetheless ... The results indicated that all cues captured attention in the random conditions, but only cues that matched targets captured attention in the attentional set condition. The …This heterochronous and long-lasting developmental process parallels the developing trajectory of brain circuits supporting attention. A recent neuroimaging study shows that babies along the first year of age already show activation in frontal and parietal regions while performing an attentional cueing task in the MRI scanner (Ellis et al., 2021).SPATIAL CUES AND MICROSACCADE DIRECTION 685 metry, if w x (a mild boundary condition by no means implying that x .5), then the selection on valid-cue tri- als will be dominated by cases in which attention is at the cued target, but microsaccades do not follow attention. Importantly, “attentional mistake” cases as defined byThis mechanism may be particularly important when cue-target intervals are long, and targets are salient or not masked, as in Thut et al. (2006). In conclusion, symbolic attentional cues affect accuracy and RT in part via different cognitive and neural processes.The effect of spatial cueing on eye gaze has been confirmed by a large number of studies, but the effect of spatial cueing on face direction and the impact of eye gaze on this effect are less known. In four experiments, we investigated the attentional bias induced by face direction. A modified paradigm of spatial cueing was adopted with …Jan 9, 2023 · In other words, the cue would become informative, giving participants a reason to attend to it. This kind of voluntary attentional allocation to the cue would inflate the amount of capture. An alternative approach to mixing set sizes would be to allow the salient cue to appear at any of the eight locations (even at Set Size 2). We will specifically focus on spatial cuing studies that have shown through response times and eye movements that subliminal cues can affect attentional selection. A …A cue using an internal attentional focus would sound like… “I want you to balance on the wobble board by trying to keep your feet level. Shift your weight to the front or back of your feet if you need to.” Their attention is focused on their feet – something internal. An external attentional focus cue would be…In other words, the cue would become informative, giving participants a reason to attend to it. This kind of voluntary attentional allocation to the cue would inflate the amount of capture. An alternative approach to mixing set sizes would be to allow the salient cue to appear at any of the eight locations (even at Set Size 2).Focusing attention at ARVs during treatment changed topographic and temporal patterns of recovery as compared with uncued regions of the visual field. Use of a visuospatial cue to focus attention at areas of residual vision amplifies long-term neuronal plasticity. The authors propose that top-down signals preactivate partially damaged …Have you ever been asked to write a short bio about yourself and found yourself struggling to capture your essence in just a few sentences? Don’t worry, you’re not alone. The first step in writing an attention-grabbing short bio is to start...This study examined the sequential relationship between parent attentional cues and sustained attention to objects in young children with autism during a 20 min free-play interaction session. Twenty-five parent–child dyads with a preschool child with autism participated. Results indicated that (a) parent attentional cues that …See full list on cognitiveresearchjournal.springeropen.com Dec 28, 2021 · Intriguingly, however, we found differences between the impact of visual, auditory, and audiovisual reward cues on attentional guidance depending on the length of the cue-target interval (i.e., SOA), as signified by a four-way interaction between all factors (Fig. 2g). While the effect of visual reward cues on response speed was differentially ... Comparing behavioral and neural measures, we show that (1) attentional cueing affects accuracy and RT with different time courses and (2) the time course of our neural measure (anticipatory...attentional focus: cue characteristics Although the evidence presented above clearly shows the benefit of using instructions and cues that encourage an external focus opposed to an internal focus when teaching a motor skill, there is also evidence that is pointing to the mediating role of certain cue characteristics (e.g., distance; Ref. 37 ).First, a spatial-attention cue encouraged the use of either selective or divided attention by providing informative or uninformative instructions about the to-be-attended, and thus later-probed, ear.This cue-related effect may have been caused by the activation of an attentional alerting system or endogenous attentional orientation of the cue. To understand how a cue’s enhancement of ABE works, Experiment 2 was conducted to investigate if a cue still had a beneficial effect on ABE when the time interval between the cue and target was ...Jul 8, 2017 · In baseball batting (Castaneda and Gray 2007), when attentional cues were put to the test with both highly skilled and less-skilled batters, the results varied. Out of 4 different attentional conditions, highly skilled batters performed best when attention was focused on “the flight of the ball leaving the bat” - this attentional cue is ... Another implication of cue setting is the role of the attentional alerting system in the ABE. A well-known finding is that the attention system can be further broken down into three …Aug 31, 2023 · In addition, by manipulating the color of attentional cues, our experiment shows that the cue color per se could influence participants’ response patterns. Overall, the current study suggests that attentional status and subliminal semantic processing can be reliably revealed by temporal–spatial features extracted from cursor motion ... Search life-sciences literature (Over 40 million articles, preprints and more)Jun 21, 2022 · In the presence of a peripheral cue, an attentional signal (dark grey signal) modulates the post-retinal sustained response produced by the first flashed stimulus (S1). The effect is an enhancement of the activity in the post-retinal parvocellular stream (blue-outlined sustained response in Fig. 8). Through the inter-channel inhibition between ... While over the years researchers have used different variants of this task, a typical sequence of events remains the same: After the presentation of an attentional cue, a target requiring a response is shown at either the cued location or an uncued location after a time delay usually ranging from 100–1000 ms (i.e., cue-target interval).A cue using an internal attentional focus would sound like… “I want you to balance on the wobble board by trying to keep your feet level. Shift your weight to the front or back of your feet if you need to.” Their attention is focused on their feet – something internal. An external attentional focus cue would be…Attentional bias to drug cues is a phenomenon whose neural encoding can provide insight into mechanisms relevant to addiction. Across individuals, the strength of attentional bias toward drug-linked cues is strongly associated with relapse in abstinent users, as well as the quantity and frequency of current use in nontreatment seekers [ 1 ].Jul 6, 2017 · The beneficial effect of valid compared to invalid cues on attention performance is a basic attentional mechanism, but the impact of emotional content on cue validity is poorly understood. We tested whether the effect of cue validity on attention performance differed when cues were angry, happy, or neutral faces. Moreover, we used scalp-recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) reflecting the ... Attention. Attention is the concentration of awareness on some phenomenon to the exclusion of other stimuli. [1] It is a process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether considered subjective or objective. William James (1890) wrote that "Attention is the taking possession by the mind, in clear and vivid form ...We will specifically focus on spatial cuing studies that have shown through response times and eye movements that subliminal cues can affect attentional selection. A …LWWVisual cues provide multisensory expectations. When processing information about the other’s attentional state, we can further distinguish between the sense I rely on to monitor the other's attention (e.g., I gaze at your hand grasping), and the sense they use, which I monitor to gather information about their attention (e.g., I gaze at your hand grasping).Sep 5, 2018 · Attentional cues also affect microsaccade rate 56,61 as does task difficulty 60. This has lead Laubrock et al. 62 to propose that both microsaccade direction and RTs are strong indicators of ... The results identified that attentional deficits in intellectual disability are overall more pronounced in top-down rather than in bottom-up processing, but with different magnitudes across cue types: The auditory or tactile endogenous cues were much less effective than the visual endogenous cue in the intellectual disability group.Fig. 10.1.1 Using the nonvolitional cue based on saliency (red cup, non-paper), attention is involuntarily directed to the coffee. After drinking coffee, you become caffeinated and want to read a book. So you turn your head, refocus your eyes, and look at the book as depicted in Fig. 10.1.2.Thus, the cue is less effective when it predicts distractors appearing closer to the target. A recent study reported that the cue was effective at reducing misdirection of the eyes to the distractor only when the target and distractor were in close spatial proximity, which seemed to be contrary to our behavioral results. We suggested that these ...The fact that such automatic shifts of attention could be triggered by centrally presented, nonpredictive cues has led some researchers to suggest that eye gaze is a special attentional cue because of its biological significance (e.g., Friesen & Kingstone, 1998, 2003b; Langton & Bruce, 1999).Pierceetal.,2018).ThisisbecausetheN2pccomponentisalateralized response,calculatedasthedifferencebetweencontralateralandipsi-lateralresponsestothetarget.Thus ...Aug 28, 2020 · In order to assess the effectiveness of the attentional cue, the two types of attentional cues were further divided into three cue-validity conditions. Participants were trained, on a novel task, to detect the presence of a complex gabor patch embedded in fixed Gaussian contrast noise while contrast thresholds were varied. Search life-sciences literature (Over 40 million articles, preprints and more)The interval between the onset of the cue and the onset of the target is typically considered to be the interval during which attentional resources are allocated to the cued side 46. To evaluate ...Attentional cueing biases familiarity-based recognition judgments. This effect is well explained by the hypothesis regarding unintentional processing about the source of fluency. As attentional cueing is a simple yet powerful method for manipulating fluency, it would be of great service for future research to further elucidate the contribution ...Attention and working memory (WM) are intertwined core cognitive processes. Through four experiments with 133 participants, we dissociated the impact of two types of covert spatial attention, endogenous vs. exogenous, on visual WM. Behavioral results consistently indicated that exogenous attentional cues wereThe beneficial effect of valid compared to invalid cues on attention performance is a basic attentional mechanism, but the impact of emotional content on cue validity is poorly understood. We tested whether the effect of cue validity on attention performance differed when cues were angry, happy, or neutral faces.The fact that such automatic shifts of attention could be triggered by centrally presented, nonpredictive cues has led some researchers to suggest that eye gaze is a special attentional cue because of its biological significance (e.g., Friesen & Kingstone, 1998, 2003b; Langton & Bruce, 1999). This hypothesis was supported by some research in attention. For example, under high physiological arousal, the attention field narrows (cf. Easterbrook, 1959), which has a positive effect on performance if it blocks out unimportant distractions but a negative effect if the narrowing is so great that task-relevant cues are missed.If the attentional response is automatic, we would expect to see cuing even in non-predictive conditions, because in the absence of a reliable relationship between the direction of the central cue and location of the target, any RT advantage in the direction of the central image is attributed to the inherent attentional directing of the cue.Executive functioning (EF) impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) impact on complex functions, such as social cognition. We assessed this link between EF, attentional cueing, and social cognition with a novel ecological task, “EcoSupermarketX.” Our task had three blocks of increasing executive load and incorporated social and non …The results suggest that not only exogenous cues but also endogenous cues can facilitate deaf adults’ visual attentional orienting. However, the effect of exogenous cues appears to be greater ...In today’s competitive job market, having a well-crafted and attention-grabbing CV is essential. A CV, or curriculum vitae, is a document that showcases your professional experience, skills, and qualifications to potential employers.of attentional cues or during the maintenance phase of working memory tasks. Imaging Studies Studies of spatial attention frequently use a cue that may indicate the probable location of a stimulus or serve as a more generic alerting signal. This cue is typically followed after a short delay by an imperative stimulus.Dec 17, 2021 · The interval between the onset of the cue and the onset of the target is typically considered to be the interval during which attentional resources are allocated to the cued side 46. To evaluate ... Nov 2, 2015 · Another key new result is that the variability of the attentional fluctuations depends on the attentional cue, being lower in the cued hemisphere than the uncued hemisphere. The paper also goes some way in clarifying whether the variability in neural activity associated with attention tasks corresponds to 'representation fluctuations' or to ... Concentration on irrelevant cues should result in a decrease in the quality of her performance. As arousal increases, the athlete’s attention begins to narrow. A good example of attentional narrowing is cue utilization. When the athlete is in her optimal performance zone , she is able to cpncentrate on relevant cues and ignore the irrelevant ... To overcome this, one can try to subtly cue the attention of the player to the relevant material. We empirically tested the use of auditory cues to guide ...Current attention research has been heavily influenced by Posner's cueing paradigm, and associated theoretical models. In the basic effect (Posner et al. 1978), participants were cued with a central directional arrow towards a spatial location where a change in luminance (the 'detection stimulus') would later occur.The directional cues …. Jul 1, 2020 · One of the most important function of selectiveEver at dinner with someone who can't look away Feb 25, 2021 · Visual attentional processes have been an important topic in psychological research for years. Over the last few decades, new methods have been developed, aiming to explore the characteristics of the focus of attention in more detail. Studies that applied the “Attention-Window Task” (AWT) quantified the maximum extent of the “Attention Window” (AW) along its horizontal, vertical, and ... If the attentional cue is ambiguous or lacks salience, the child is required to spend some of his or her limited information processing capacity to disambiguate the cue, which in turn leaves the child with fewer cognitive resources to establish or sustain attention to an object. Conversely, if the parent attentional cue is very salient, then ... attentional focus. the focus of an individual’s attention at The cue-reactivity paradigm is a widely adopted neuroimaging probe engendering brain activity linked with attentional, affective, and reward processes following presentation of … Each circle was 1.5° in diameter and were presented 4° abov...

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